Top 100 World Bank Ranking African Press Release -

AFRICAN BANKS ARE SMALL BUT PROFITABLE

Finds The Banker’s Top 1000 World Banks ranking 2020

1 July 2020: African banks are small in world terms but they punch above their weight in profits, according to The Banker's latest ranking of the Top 1000 World Banks.
Africa’s banks have less than 1% of total world bank capital compared to 47% for Asia, 25% for Europe and 19% for North America. The Top 20 banks ranked by Tier 1 capital, a measure of banking safety, are all from these regions (see Table 1).

But African banks outperform in profits. They make double the amount expected given their size. They contribute 2% of global profits and deliver a 19.49% return on capital -- the third highest level in the world (see Table 2).

Brian Caplen, editor of The Banker, said: “Africa is underbanked and has huge growth potential with millions starting to open their first bank account and receive their first credit card. After the financial crisis, international banks pulled back from the region allowing African banks to capture more of the business. The outlook for them is positive, especially if Africa manages to avoid the worst effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.”

The largest four banks in Africa are the major South African players - Standard Bank Group, FirstRand, ABSA Group and Nedbank Group - followed by banks from Egypt, Morocco and Nigeria (see Table 3). Africa’s largest bank is Standard Bank which only manages to place 152nd in the Top 1000 World Banks. Despite South Africa’s economic woes, all four banks increased their capital and only Nedbank saw a fall in profits.

Egyptian banks staged an impressive recovery increasing pre-tax profits by 56%. Three Egyptian banks topped the table for African banks with the largest increases in Tier 1 capital (see Table 4). Banque du Caire increased its Tier 1 by 76% allowing it to climb 201 places in the Top 1000 to 794.

This year marks the 50th anniversary of The Banker’s Top 1000 ranking. The first ranking in 1970 contained 300 banks based on assets. A table of the Top 10 (see Table 5) is headed by Bank of America along with six other US banks. The three European banks are the UK’s Barclays and National Westminster (now part of Royal Bank of Scotland) and Italy’s Banca Nazionale del Lavoro now part of France’s BNP Paribas.

In 1970 Bank of America topped the ranking with $25 billion in assets. Today’s leader Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) has assets of $4.3 trillion which is 172 times larger. Bank of America which placed sixth in the 2020 ranking currently has assets of $2.4 trillion, making it 96 times larger than 50 year ago. Over the same half-century, the world economy has only grown 25 times showing how the expansion of the banking industry has outpaced economic growth.

   
TABLE 1
Top 20 World Banks
 
TABLE 2
Return on Capital by region
 
TABLE 3
Top 10 Africa
 
TABLE 4
Africa top 5
 
TABLE 5
Top 1000 1970
 
   

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For more information, please contact: Catherine Goacher / catherine.goacher@ft.com

About The Banker
The Banker is the world’s premier banking and finance resource, providing global financial intelligence since 1926.
The Banker is the key source of data and analysis for the industry. The Banker’s Top 1000 World Banks ranking has been setting the industry benchmark since 1970, providing comprehensive intelligence about the health and wealth of the banking sector. To find out more visit www.thebanker.com/top1000.
Brian Caplen has been a financial and business journalist for more than 25 years. He has worked in Hong Kong and the Middle East and reported from all over the world. He joined The Banker in 2000 and became editor in 2003.

About the Financial Times
The Financial Times is one of the world’s leading business news organisations, recognised internationally for its authority, integrity and accuracy. The FT has a record paying readership of more than one million, three-quarters of which are digital subscriptions. It is part of Nikkei Inc., which provides a broad range of information, news and services for the global business community.

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